Moshe Zar (born 1938) is a religious Zionist, a former member of the Jewish Underground, and an Israeli leader in the northern Shomron. He has been buying land from individual Palestinians since 1979.
He was wounded in the 1956 Sinai Campaign, and lost his left eye as a result of his injuries. In 1983, he was attacked and stabbed by a group of Palestinians, but survived.
In 1984, he was convicted of membership in the terrorist organization the "Jewish Underground" of the early 1980s.
After one of his eight children, his son Gilad, a security officer of the Shomron Regional Council, was killed in an ambush on May 29, 2001, he vowed that he would establish six settlements in his son's memory, one for each Hebrew letter of his name. The settlement outpost Ramat Gilad was established in 2001, the outpost Havat Gilad was established in 2002 and has been dismantled by the Israeli military forces several times, leading to violent clashes between settlers and security forces.